He is currently writing a book on civil war for Oxford University Press


Journal Articles


‘The Not  so Amazing Case of Irish Democracy’, Irish Political Studies, vol 10, (1995), pp.43-68.


‘Majority Rule” and the Stabilisation of  Democracy in the Irish Free State’, Irish Political Studies, vol 13, (1998), pp.1-25.


‘The Re-equilibration of Democracy in Inter-war Ireland’, Democratization, vol. 6, No. 3, (Autumn 1999), pp.190-210.


‘Voluntarist Democratic Theory and the Origins of the Irish Civil War’, Civil Wars, vol 2. No.3,  (Autumn 1999), pp.1-25.


‘Nineteenth Century Nationalism in Finland and Ireland: A Comparative Analysis’, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics Vol.6 No.1 , (2000), pp.24-41


‘Civil Society Under Strain: Intermediary Organisations and the Irish Civil War’ Irish Political Studies 15, (2000), pp.1-23.


‘Explaining the Intractability of the Irish Civil War’, Civil Wars, vol 3,no.2, (Summer, 2000), pp.67-90.


‘Democratic Consolidation and Government Changeover in the Irish Free State’,  Journal  of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, vol 39, no1, (March 2001), pp.1-22.


‘The Illusion of State Neutrality in a secularising Ireland’, West European Politics vol 26, no 1, (January 2003), pp.73-95.

‘The Doctrine of Self-determination and the Irish move to Independence, 1916-1922’ Journal of Political Ideologies vol 8 no 3 (October 2003), pp.327-347.


‘Democratization, State Formation,  and Civil War in Finland and Ireland: A reflection on the Democratic Peace Hypothesis’, Comparative Political Studies  vol 37 no 8, (October 2004), pp.969-985.


‘Defending Democracy?: the  legislative  response  to  political extremism in the Irish Free State 1922-39’, Irish Historical Studies, 124, (November 2004), pp.156-174.


‘ Civil Wars, Party Politics and the consolidation of regimes in twentieth century Europe’,  Democratization 9/2  (April, 2005) (co authored with Nick Sitter), pp.183-202.


‘Power Sharing as a form of democracy for Northern Ireland’, Review of Politics  (Fall  2006), 68/4, pp.663-675.

‘Eamon de Valera and the survival of democracy in inter-war Ireland’,  Journal of Contemporary History, 42 (2), 2007), pp.211-224.


‘Arend Lijphart and the transformation of Irish democracy’ West European Politics (January 2009),  32/1, pp. 172-195


‘The Constitutional  Revolution  that  never  was: Democratic Radicalism and the Sinn Féin movement’ Radical History Review, 104 (Spring 2009), pp.77-103.


‘The marriage of state and nation in modern European constitutions’ Nations and Nationalism, (co-authored with Nick Sitter),  16. 1 (2010), pp. 49-68.


‘Elections  as  a  Mechanism of  Deradicalisation after the Irish civil war 1922-1937’, International Journal of Conflict and Violence 6/1 ( May 2012), pp. 41-54.


Yandaş tahkimat ve Anayasacilik:  Irlandali bir bakiş‘ (Partisan Entrenchment and Constitutonalism: an Irish perspective’),  Bilim ve Toplum: Special Issue on the new Turkish Constitution, (2012), 123,  pp. 57-76.


‘Ideas in Conflict: Nationalism and the Comparative Study of Civil War’ Nationalism and Ethnic Politics  19;1 (2013), pp.38-57.


‘After Ataturk:  Three Conceptions of Political Change in Turkey’, Review of Politics (forthcoming May 2014).


Special Issues.


‘Constitutionalism and National Identity in Modern Europe’  co-edited (with Nick Sitter) thematic section of Nations and Nationalism, 16: 1 (January 2010), pp.1-89.


Book Chapters.


‘From  People’s  Veto  to  Instrument  of Elite  Consensus: the Irish experience of referenda’ in Schiller, Theo; Setälä, Maija (eds): Referendums and Representative Democracy. Oxford: Routledge, 2009).


‘De Valera, the constitution, and proportional representation’ in Eoin Carolan and Oran Doyle (eds.) The Irish Constitution: Governance, Rights, Values (Dublin: Round Hall and Thompson, 2008)., pp.35-53.


‘Is  the  Irish Referendum a majoritarian device’?,  in Marxer, W., Kaufmann, B., Pállinger, Z. T., & Schiller, T. (Eds.) (2011). Direct Democracy in Modern Europe: Vol. 3. Direct Democracy and Minorities. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.


‘A Light that Failed: The 1922 Constitution in the European Context’,  Life on the Fringe?: Ireland and  Europe between 1800 and 1922 , (eds.) B.Heffernen, M, Ramon,  Z Zarka, P. Ranger  (Irish Academic Press, 2012), pp.221-241.


‘Victory in defeat? National Identity after Civil War in Finland and Ireland’,  in J. Hall and S. Malisevic (eds.) Nationalism and War (Cambridge University Press, 2012).



Comparative Politics: Undergraduate Study Guide for University of London External Programmes (co authored with George Philip,  London, 2011).



‘The New Politics of Irish Republicanism’, A.S.E.N. Bulletin, (Winter 1994) (co-authored with Brendan O’ Duffy).


‘Decommissioning as an issue in the Irish Civil War 1922-23’, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism vol 1, no. 1 (March 2001), pp.8-16.


‘From the outside in: the external dimension to the Irish civil war’, History Ireland, (March April 2007).


‘Review article: Labour must wait: forever!’ Saothar, Journal of the Irish Labour History Society   33 2010, pp. 121-126.


‘The Celtic Twilight and the Celtic Tiger: Ireland’s Crises of Liberalism then and Now’, History Ireland (Jan Feb 2011).


The Destructors. Extended  essay on Michael Kerr’s recent book on the Sunningdale peace agreement, British Politics Blog LSE 2011.


‘The Irish Civil War 1922-23’, Oxford Bibliographies Online, 2012.


Contesting Democracy.  Review Essay of Jan Wehner Mueller’s Contesting Democracy: Political Ideas in Twentieth Century Europe. LSE Review of Books, May 2012.